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Poor oral hygiene and an ineffective daily oral hygiene routine, will not thoroughly remove residual food particles and plaque from teeth and the gum line. When this happens these materials can harden into bacterially dense, hardened tartar. This constant bacterial presence at the gum line is considered to be the primary cause of gum disease.

It is estimated by the American Dental Association that approximately 47% of people age 30 and older have gum disease to some degree. The Centers for Disease Control also reports that 64% of people 65 and over have been diagnosed with moderate to severe periodontal disease.

Gingivitis is the earliest form of gum disease. This often causes gums to bleed during brushing and flossing. Gums might also look red or inflamed and many people with gingivitis also struggle with chronic bad breath.

Mindful and consistent improvements to your daily oral hygiene routine, can mitigate the presence of bacteria in your mouth. However, hardened tartar can only be removed from your teeth by the tools and training of Dr. ’s regular dental cleaning and checkup.

If gingivitis is allowed to advance unchecked, it will eventually develop into the more dangerous form of gum disease known as periodontitis. This can cause your gums to recede from the base of your teeth, forming pockets of infection near the roots of your teeth. Periodontitis can eventually result in a loss of bone structure in your jaw.

If you are concerned that you might be developing gum disease, or you are due for your regular dental checkup, you should call Dr. ’s office in San Francisco, California at 415.222.9600 to set up an appointment.